Thinking global, living local: Voices in a globalized world

Earth Day, Conspiracy, & World Government

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On April 22, 2012, the 43rd Earth Day was celebrated. On the same day, Vladimir Lenin celebrated (posthumously, of course) his 142nd birthday, meaning he was born exactly 100 years prior to the first Earth Day. As far as I can tell, this is a coincidence. But some people aren’t so sure. Indeed, some people fear that climate change is a hoax fabricated – or at least exaggerated – by researchers in support of a subversive ploy to impose a costly and oppressive global government, whether through a strengthened United Nations or some other structure.

I can say firsthand that the environmental movement – or at least academic environmental research – is not a conspiracy. If it was, I’d be part of it. I even associate with the infamous Michael Mann, a climate scientist playing a central role in public debates about the research. There are simply too many people involved in environmental research, with too many divergent views and outspoken personalities, for there to be any grand conspiracy.

That said, I do find the conspiracy theories to be very understandable. Environmentalists often are (quite reasonably) calling for stronger global governance, so that the world can coordinate and cooperate to address its global environmental challenges. While many local and national initiatives are helping protect the environment, without a global regime, polluters may be able to simply shift their activities to locations with fewer protections. Indeed, as the Rio+20 event approaches, we’re seeing new calls for enhanced global environmental governance come from, among others, my environmental research colleagues.

Furthermore, protecting the environment does indeed involve people worldwide changing their behaviors and even their ways of life. Likewise, environmental policies generally revolve around influencing our modes of transportation, our choices of appliances, and even our food. The human behaviors needed to protect the environment are not particularly oppressive. Indeed, many are things we’d want to do anyways. But they’re often a big change from what we’re currently doing.

I also find it commendable that the conspiracy theories are publicly articulated. A healthy democracy can openly question its own leadership. And as unlikely as these conspiracies may be, the stakes are high enough that they’re worth at least some serious attention. I see no reason to dismiss them out of hand, though in the present case, it seems clear that we should not believe them.

Just because environmentalism is not a sinister conspiracy, it does not necessarily follow that we should promote global government for our global environmental problems. There is one important caveat, one that is not widely appreciated by any side of this debate. In short, a global government might begin benevolent, but it could turn sour, even becoming the oppressive disaster that the conspiracy theorists fear. And if it does, there would be no other government out there to keep it in check.

It’s worth noting that there have been several major oppressive governments throughout world history, resulting in some of the biggest disasters ever. Fortunately, a historical trend has been that other, more open societies have eventually out-competed them, leading to the oppression to decline. But if that oppressive government is a global government, then there is no chance for another society to out-compete it.

Maybe we will form some sort of global governance system through Rio+20 and other environmental protection efforts. If we do, I expect that it would be done with the best of intentions, and that it would be quite helpful for our very real environmental challenges. Instead, if we do end up with an oppressive global government, it would probably follow from an initial, benevolent global government. That possibility should give us at least some pause at Rio+20 and beyond.

The core question for me is whether global governance is worth the risk. Do the benefits of getting the world to cooperate on environmental problems outweigh the possible costs of the government becoming oppressive? My guess is that the answer is yes, we are better off with stronger global governance. But the answer is not at all obvious, and merits careful consideration. The fate of the planet may be at stake.

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Seth Baum Twitter: sethbaumSeth

Executive Director of the Global Catastrophic Risk Institute ( Based in New York City. Recently finished PhD from Penn State Geography & post-doc at Columbia University Center for Research on Environmental Decisions. Active with the Society for Risk Analysis on global catastrophic risks, which are risks of events that could significantly harm or even destroy civilization at the global scale.


  • Paul


    If consumerism is our biggest threat then i guess we all take the responsibility not the fact that our governments don’t actually listen to what the people want in a land that they live or boat. Importation of good’s service’s or local consumerism, maybe I’m missing the point but I do agree and believe people’s biggest enemy and possibly the world’s is that, lie’s and deception by our own government’s and the super rich who seem to have a shit load of pull with our governing bodies, and they do not want to lose control. Money, Power, Control, are killing us stealing from us and have a plan to wipe most of us out and start a ” New World Order” I mean if I was super rich and had a shitload of pull with the governing bodies and was scared of loosing control and wanted more power and hey chuck on a few more billions and wanted my grandchildren to live in a world that they could be proud of. The first thing is to get rid of most of you fellas, coz too many of you and you make mess everywhere. So I put plan into place to clean the world of messy people, my other super rich mates are in on it and we making big plans. The only big problem is the getting rid of. The other side of that coin is that it would actually be better for the earth as far as a more natural and healthier eco-system, our biggest enemy is ourselves.


  • Dave


    Dear Sir,

    You raise some valid points however I firmly believe as a people we need less governance and more ability to make choice. What your article has failed to address is the money issue and the vast difference in salary between the peons (workers) and the elite money men etc.

    A war on poverty instead of investment in heavy weapons, the point the article misses is that environmental concerns are of course something each human through this shared earth/life journey has a responsibility, and given the right education and finance then of course people as a whole would take more care of their surroundings, I would propose anyone who chooses to destroy the earth are themselves quite unwell individuals.

    What to me is blaringly obvious that more government is by far the opposite of what we need. It is tightening of the current regulation and stop the rape of mother earth for the profit of big business.

    It’s not the peasant’s who profit from globalisation it’s a elite few of so called haves. I vote for instead of spending tax payers contributions on war and destruction and hurting others we spend it on a global communication, we fight a war on poverty, we fight a war on clean water for all, we fight a war on ensuring freedom, we stop killing our brothers and sisters from the one world were we undertake our life journey and instead accept the world is everyone’s equally and celebrate that fact.

    I short the environmental destruction you describe is actually a product of the few and the many are suffering and your proposal of increased government for the masses as opposed to sharing of wealth and higher regulation for the real elite money men is futile. Why would you even propose such nonsense when its clearly not the masses that are cause the harm but a few individual corporation’s that seek only profit not peace and clean living consume consume consume.

    If history tells us anything, it tell use the rich look after themselves and throw the scraps to the people. I love our world and I love my fellow human beings, remember one world one plant one sun, billions of individuals, 1% control 90% of the wealth Do the maths the real problems that you give the illusion of could be solved by all of us sharing the human experience.

    As a global community of equals.

    Ok thanks for this I hope it helps, sorry to sound if ranting but i feel that as a people we can do so much and its consumerism that is our biggest enemy and global governance would not help that.

    All people are created equal


    Some are more equal than others



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